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Mol Nutr Food Res. 2017 Nov;61(11). doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201700262. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

Serine alleviates oxidative stress via supporting glutathione synthesis and methionine cycle in mice.

Zhou X1,2,3,4, He L1,2,3,4, Wu C5, Zhang Y1,6, Wu X1,2,3,4, Yin Y1,2,3,4.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha, China.
2
National Engineering Laboratory for Pollution Control and Waste Utilization in Livestock and Poultry Production, Changsha, China.
3
Hunan Provincial Engineering Research Center for Healthy Livestock and Poultry Production, Changsha, China.
4
Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South-Central, Ministry of Agriculture, Changsha, China.
5
Department of Pathogen and Immunology, Hunan University of TCM, Changsha, China.
6
Hunan Co-Innovation Center of Animal Production Safety, CICAPS, College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, China.

Abstract

SCOPE:

Serine lies at the central node linking biosynthetic flux from glycolysis to glutathione synthesis and one-carbon metabolic cycle which are closely related to antioxidant capacity. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of serine supplementation on oxidative stress and its relative mechanisms.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Diquat treatment was performed to induce oxidative stress in mice and primary hepatocytes. The results showed that hepatic glutathione anti-oxidant systems were impaired and reactive oxygen species and homocysteine were increased in diquat-induced mice and hepatocytes, while such disadvantageous changes were diminished by serine supplementation both in vivo and in vitro. However, when cystathionine β-synthase expression was inhibited by interference RNA in hepatocytes, the effects of serine supplementation on the improvement of glutathione synthesis and the alleviation of oxidative stress were diminished. Moreover, when hepatocytes were treated with cycloleucine, an inhibitor of methionine adenosyltransferase, the effects of serine supplementation on the improvement of methionine cycle and the alleviation of DNA hypomethylation and oxidative stress were also diminished.

CONCLUSION:

Our results indicated that serine supplementation alleviated oxidative stress via supporting glutathione synthesis and methionine cycle, mostly by condensing with homocysteine to synthesize cysteine and providing one-carbon units for homocysteine remethylation.

KEYWORDS:

Cystathionine β-synthase; Glutathione; Methionine; Oxidative stress; Serine

PMID:
28759161
DOI:
10.1002/mnfr.201700262
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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