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Teratog Carcinog Mutagen. 1986;6(3):173-84.

Effect of prenatal imipramine exposure on development of the postnatal rat heart and brain.

Abstract

Imipramine (IMI) was administered s.c. at 0, 5, or 10 mg/kg/day to pregnant rats on gestation days 8-20 to assess possible alterations in postnatal heart and brain development. Maternal weight gain was significantly reduced in a dose-response manner, but litter size and pup weight on postnatal day (PND) 1 were unaffected. On PND 1, litters were culled to 10 pups for analysis on PNDs 4/5, 7/8, 14/15, and 21/22. Pup body weight was not affected at any age measured, but heart weight was significantly reduced at 10 mg/kg IMI on PNDs 4/5 and 7/8. Brain weight was increased in a dose-related pattern on PNDs 4/5 and 7/8 and was significantly higher at 5 mg/kg IMI on PND 14/15. No significant effect was observed in heart or brain protein and DNA content or in cardiac beta-adrenergic receptor concentration. Prenatal IMI exposure had no effect on basal cardiac ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), an enzyme associated with growth and development, but basal brain ODC was lower at 5 mg/kg IMI at all ages measured. Cardiac ODC stimulation by insulin was unaffected by prenatal exposure to IMI, but isoproterenol-stimulated ODC was increased on PND 21/22 at 5 mg/kg IMI. In conclusion, the IMI-related changes in several parameters suggest that when maternal IMI treatment is used, alterations in postnatal heart and brain development must be considered as possible outcomes.

PMID:
2875530
DOI:
10.1002/tcm.1770060303
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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