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Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2018 Apr;49(2):298-307. doi: 10.1007/s10578-017-0749-5.

Boys with Oppositional Defiant Disorder/Conduct Disorder Show Impaired Adaptation During Stress: An Executive Functioning Study.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Studies, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9555, 2300 RB, Leiden, The Netherlands. j.schoorl@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.
2
Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, P.O. Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands. j.schoorl@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.
3
Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Studies, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9555, 2300 RB, Leiden, The Netherlands.
4
Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, P.O. Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands.
5
Department of Adolescent Development, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
6
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, P.O. Box 901, CF10 3AT, Cardiff, UK.

Abstract

Evidence for problems in executive functioning (EF) in children with oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) is mixed and the impact stress may have on EF is understudied. Working memory, sustained attention, inhibition and cognitive flexibility of boys with ODD/CD (nā€‰=ā€‰65) and non-clinical controls (nā€‰=ā€‰32) were examined under typical and stressful test conditions. Boys with ODD/CD showed impaired working memory under typical testing conditions, and impairments in working memory and sustained attention under stressful conditions. In contrast to controls, performance on sustained attention, cognitive flexibility and inhibition was less influenced by stress in boys with ODD/CD. These results suggest that boys with ODD/CD show impairments in adaptation to the environment whereas typically developing boys show adaptive changes in EF.

KEYWORDS:

Aggression; Conduct disorder; Executive functioning; Oppositional defiant disorder; Stress

PMID:
28755013
PMCID:
PMC5856866
DOI:
10.1007/s10578-017-0749-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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