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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2018 Jan 15;460:189-199. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2017.07.023. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

Effect of steviol, steviol glycosides and stevia extract on glucocorticoid receptor signaling in normal and cancer blood cells.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, University General Hospital "ATTIKO", Athens, Greece.
2
Department of Biological Chemistry, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
3
ANTHIR S.A. Company, Agrinio, Greece.
4
2nd Blood Transfusion Center and Hemophilia Center, Laikon General Hospital, Athens, Greece.
5
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, University General Hospital "ATTIKO", Athens, Greece. Electronic address: pmoutsatsou@med.uoa.gr.

Abstract

The use of steviol glycosides as non-caloric sweeteners has proven to be beneficial for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), obesity, and metabolic syndrome. However, recent data demonstrate that steviol and stevioside might act as glucocorticoid receptor (GR) agonists and thus correlate with adverse effects on metabolism. Herein, we evaluated the impact of steviol, steviol glycosides, and a Greek-derived stevia extract on a number of key steps of GR signaling cascade in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in Jurkat leukemia cells. Our results revealed that none of the tested compounds altered the expression of primary GR-target genes (GILZ, FKPB5), GR protein levels or GR subcellular localization in PBMCs; those compounds increased GILZ and FKPB5 mRNA levels as well as GRE-mediated luciferase activity, inducing in parallel GR nuclear translocation in Jurkat cells. The GR-modulatory activity demonstrated by stevia-compounds in Jurkat cells but not in PBMCs may be due to a cell-type specific effect.

KEYWORDS:

Glucocorticoid receptor; Metabolic syndrome; PBMCs; Steviol; Steviol glycosides; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

PMID:
28754349
DOI:
10.1016/j.mce.2017.07.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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