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Neoplasia. 2017 Sep;19(9):661-671. doi: 10.1016/j.neo.2017.06.001. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

The Antitumor Activity of IMGN529, a CD37-Targeting Antibody-Drug Conjugate, Is Potentiated by Rituximab in Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Models.

Author information

1
ImmunoGen, Inc., Waltham, MA. Electronic address: stuart.hicks@immunogen.com.
2
ImmunoGen, Inc., Waltham, MA.

Abstract

Naratuximab emtansine (IMGN529) is an investigational antibody-drug conjugate consisting of a CD37-targeting antibody conjugated to the maytansine-derived microtuble disruptor, DM1. IMGN529 has shown promising preclinical and clinical activity in non-Hodgkin lymphoma, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Due to the aggressive nature of the disease, DLBCL is often treated with combination therapies to maximize clinical outcomes; therefore, we investigated the potential of combining IMGN529 with both standard-of-care and emerging therapies against multiple oncology-relevant targets and pathways. The strongest enhancement in potency was seen with anti-CD20 antibodies, including rituximab. The combination of IMGN529 and rituximab was more potent than either agent alone, and this combinatorial benefit was associated with increased apoptotic induction and cell death. Additional studies revealed that rituximab treatment increased the internalization and degradation of the CD37-targeting antibody moiety of IMGN529. The combination of IMGN529 and rituximab was highly efficacious in multiple xenograft models, with superior antitumor efficacy seen compared to either agent alone or treatment with R-CHOP therapy. These findings suggest a novel mechanism whereby the potency of IMGN529 can be enhanced by CD20 binding, which results in the increased internalization and degradation of IMGN529 leading to the generation of greater amounts of cytotoxic catabolite. Overall, these data provide a biological rationale for the enhanced activity of IMGN529 in combination with rituximab and support the ongoing clinical evaluation of IMGN529 in combination with rituximab in patients with relapsed and/or refractory DLBCL.

PMID:
28753442
PMCID:
PMC5540712
DOI:
10.1016/j.neo.2017.06.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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