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Scand J Public Health. 2018 Nov;46(7):704-710. doi: 10.1177/1403494817717557. Epub 2017 Jul 28.

Designing and collecting data for a longitudinal study: the Sleman Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS).

Author information

1
1 Sleman HDSS, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
2
2 Department of Health Behaviour, Environment and Social Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
3
3 Department of Biostatistics Epidemiology and Population Health, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
4
4 Department of Health Policy and Management, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
5
5 Department of Nutrition, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
6
6 Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
7
7 Department of Community and Family Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This paper describes the methodological considerations of developing an urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), in the Sleman District of Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

METHODS:

1) The Sleman District was selected because it is mostly an urban area. 2) The minimum sample size was calculated to measure infant mortality as the key variable and resulted in a sample of 4942 households. A two-stage cluster sampling procedure with probability proportionate to size was applied; first, 216 Censuses Blocks (CBs) were selected, and second, 25 households in each CB were selected. 3) A baseline survey was started in 2015, and collected data on demographic and economic characteristics and verbal autopsy (VA); the 2nd cycle collected updated demographic data, VA, type of morbidity (communicable and non-communicable diseases, disability and injury) and health access. 4) The data were collected at a home visit through a Computer-Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI) on a tablet device, and the data were transferred to the server through the Internet. 5) The quality control consisted of spot-checks of 5% of interviews to control for adherence to the protocol, re-checks to ensure the validity of the interview, and computer-based data cleaning. 6) A utilization system was designed for policy-makers (government) and researchers.

RESULTS:

In total, 5147 households participated in the baseline assessment in 2015, and 4996 households participated in the second cycle in 2016 (97.0% response rate).

CONCLUSIONS:

Development of an urban HDSS is possible and is beneficial in providing data complementary to the existing demographic and health information system at local, national and global levels.

KEYWORDS:

Sleman HDSS; design paper; field laboratory; longitudinal study; surveillance; urban area

PMID:
28752803
DOI:
10.1177/1403494817717557
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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