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Methods Mol Biol. 2017;1639:173-184. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7163-3_17.

Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Transcytosis and Secretion.

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Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, Indiana University-Purdue University-Indianapolis, Room 310, Van Nuys Medical Science Bldg., 635 Barnhill Dr., Indianapolis, IN, USA.


Protective levels of Alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) are achieved in the lung through the uptake of the pulmonary vasculature of hepatocyte-secreted A1AT. The anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and anti-protease properties of A1AT are critical toward maintaining the function of pulmonary endothelial and epithelial cells and for the structural integrity of the pulmonary interstitium. To perform these functions A1AT must cross the pulmonary-endothelial barrier. Using transwell inserts, we have demonstrated that the endocytosis of A1AT at the apical surface of endothelial cells, followed by the transcytosis and secretion at the basolateral surface, is a mechanism through which A1AT is transported into the lung epithelium and interstitium.


Endocytosis; Endothelial; Epithelial; Pulmonary; Secretion; Supernatant; Transcytosis; Transport; Western blot

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