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J Artif Organs. 2017 Dec;20(4):311-317. doi: 10.1007/s10047-017-0975-4. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Readmissions after continuous flow left ventricular assist device implantation.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiac Surgery, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan. kimuram-sur@h.u-tokyo.ac.jp.
2
Department of Cardiac Surgery, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
3
Department of Healthcare Quality Assessment, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
4
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
5
Department of Therapeutic Strategy for Heart Failure, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
6
Department of Medical Engineering, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
7
Division of Organ Transplantation Service, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Continuous flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) therapy has improved the survival of patients with advanced heart failure. However, the readmission rate of CF-LVAD patients is still relatively high. A total of 90 patients who received CF-LVADs between April 2011 and March 2016 at our institute and were discharged home were analyzed retrospectively. They were followed up through March 2017. Clinical data, including frequency, length and etiology of readmission, were obtained from medical records. The mean observation period after initial discharge was 713 ± 322 days. In total, 73 patients (81%) had 236 readmissions, 214 unplanned and 22 planned. The overall and unplanned readmission rates were 1.34 and 1.22 per patient-year, respectively. The rate of freedom from unplanned first readmission at 1 year after initial discharge was 39%. The median interval between the previous hospital discharge and first and second readmissions was 311 and 213 days, respectively (log-rank test, p = 0.117). The rate of readmission after more than three readmissions was significantly higher than that of first or second readmission (log-rank test, p < 0.001). The most common etiology of readmission was driveline infection (DLI) (36%), followed by stroke (9%). The median length of hospital stay due to DLI was 23 days. The patients with repeated unplanned readmissions had significantly lower EuroQol 5 dimensions questionnaire utility score than those with no or just one readmission. Readmission was common in CF-LVAD patients, and the most common etiology of readmissions was DLI. The interval to the next readmission seemed shorter for patients with repeated readmissions.

KEYWORDS:

Continuous flow; Driveline infection; Left ventricular assist device; Readmission

PMID:
28752193
DOI:
10.1007/s10047-017-0975-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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