Format

Send to

Choose Destination
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2017 Jul 27;5(7):e100. doi: 10.2196/mhealth.7853.

The Relationship Between Individual Characteristics and Interest in Using a Mobile Phone App for HIV Self-Management: Observational Cohort Study of People Living With HIV.

Author information

1
Department of Family, Community, and Health Systems Science, College of Nursing, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.
2
Carey Business School, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States.
3
Division of Research on Healthcare Value, Equity, and the Lifespan, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States.
4
Department of Health Outcomes and Policy, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.
5
College of Medicine, University of Florida, Jacksonville, FL, United States.
6
Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States.
7
Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL, United States.
8
Department of Epidemiology, Colleges of Medicine and Public Health, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major health issue in the United States, and an estimated 1.2 million people in the United States are living with HIV. As part of Healthy People 2020, the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion has targeted the persistent demographic and geographic disparities in HIV prevalence and management. Preliminary evidence suggests that mobile health technology (smartphone apps) may be a promising way to support HIV self-management among vulnerable populations of people living with HIV (PLWH) who lack access to appropriate health care services.

OBJECTIVE:

This study examines the association between individual characteristics of PLWH and level of interest in using a free mobile phone app for HIV self-management.

METHODS:

This study was conducted using cross-sectional survey data collected in the Florida Cohort Study between 2014 and 2016 (N=766). Associations between individual characteristics of PLWH and level of interest in using a free mobile phone app for HIV self-management were examined using bivariate analysis and logistic regression.

RESULTS:

Overall, 85.5% (655/766) of respondents were interested in using a free mobile phone app that supports HIV self-management. Participants expressed the highest interest in app functions that facilitate communication with health care providers (568/740, 76.8%) or help to identify relevant health care services (556/745 74.6%). Age (OR 0.959, 95% CI 0.936-0.982), education (OR 1.281, 95% CI 1.027-1.598) and disability or inability to work (OR 0.296, 95% CI 0.145-0.606) were all significantly associated with being interested in using a free mobile phone app for HIV self-management.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study indicates that a majority of PLWH are interested in using a free mobile phone app to self-manage their condition. The findings can inform the development of mobile phone apps that support effective HIV self-management.

KEYWORDS:

HIV; self-care; telemedicine

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for JMIR Publications Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center