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Am J Surg. 2017 Jun 30. pii: S0002-9610(17)30299-4. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2017.06.023. [Epub ahead of print]

Parental leave policies in graduate medical education: A systematic review.

Author information

1
Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.
2
Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States. Electronic address: jpark@surgery.bsd.uchicago.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A thorough understanding of attitudes toward and program policies for parenthood in graduate medical education (GME) is essential for establishing fair and achievable parental leave policies and fostering a culture of support for trainees during GME.

METHODS:

A systematic review of the literature was completed. Non-cohort studies, studies completed or published outside of the United States, and studies not published in English were excluded. Studies that addressed the existence of parental leave policies in GME were identified and were the focus of this study.

RESULTS:

Twenty-eight studies addressed the topic of the existence of formal parental leave policies in GME, which was found to vary across time and ranged between 22 and 90%. Support for such policies persisted across time.

CONCLUSIONS:

Attention to formal leave policies in GME has traditionally been lacking, but may be increasing. Negative attitudes towards parenthood in GME persist. Active awareness of the challenges faced by parent-trainees combined with formal parental leave policy implementation is important in supporting parenthood in GME.

KEYWORDS:

GME; Leave of absence; Maternity leave; Parental leave; Paternity leave

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