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Euro Surveill. 2017 Jul 13;22(28). pii: 30572. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.28.30572.

International risk of yellow fever spread from the ongoing outbreak in Brazil, December 2016 to May 2017.

Author information

1
MRC Centre for Outbreak analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.
2
Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
3
Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract

States in south-eastern Brazil were recently affected by the largest Yellow Fever (YF) outbreak seen in a decade in Latin America. Here we provide a quantitative assessment of the risk of travel-related international spread of YF indicating that the United States, Argentina, Uruguay, Spain, Italy and Germany may have received at least one travel-related YF case capable of seeding local transmission. Mitigating the risk of imported YF cases seeding local transmission requires heightened surveillance globally.

KEYWORDS:

Brazil; outbreak; travel-related international spread; yellow fever

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