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Cell Immunol. 1986 Mar;98(1):93-103.

B and T lymphocytes regulated by idiotype anti-idiotype interactions inhibit delayed-type hypersensitivity to BCG in mice.


Mice infected subcutaneously with 2 X 10(7) CFU of Mycobacterium bovis strain BCG (BCG) were able to mount a specific DTH response, whereas mice infected intravenously with the same dose of microorganisms were not. The suppression turned out to be mediated by id+ anti-PPD B lymphocytes, which arose very early during the infectious process and induced anti-id B lymphocytes. These cells were found at Day 4 after infection and exerted their effect by activating antigen-specific suppressor T lymphocytes, which affected the efferent phase of the DTH response. These results clearly indicate that the activation of a complex immunosuppressive circuit represents a mechanism by which BCG may interfere with the host's immune response already during the very early phases of infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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