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J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2017 Jul;26(2):114-118. Epub 2017 Jul 1.

Exploratory Study of the Clinical Characteristics of Adolescent Girls with a History of Physical or Sexual Abuse Consulting in a Mood Disorder Clinic.

Author information

1
Hopital Riviere-des-Prairies, Psychiatrie, Montreal, Quebec.
2
Universite de Montreal, Department of Psychiatry, Montreal, Quebec.
3
Centre de recherche de l'IUSMM, Montréal, Quebec.
4
Universite du Quebec en Outaouais, Département des sciences infirmières, Gatineau, Quebec.
5
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.
6
Universite de Picardie Jules Verne, Amiens, Picardie, France.
7
Université du Québec à Montréal, Psychologie et Centre de recherche et d'intervention sur le suicide et l'euthanasie, Montreal, Quebec.
8
Centre de recherche et d'intervention sur le suicide et l'euthanasie, Montréal, Quebec.

Abstract

in English, French

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the clinical characteristics of adolescent girls consulting in a mood disorder clinic with a history of physical or sexual abuse.

METHOD:

A retrospective review was conducted of the charts of 55 adolescent girls consulting in a mood disorder clinic. An analysis grid was used to gather data on demographics, personal antecedents, symptoms and diagnoses. Girls with a history of physical or sexual abuse were compared with girls without such a history. Univariate analyses and a logistic regression analysis were performed.

RESULTS:

Adolescent girls with a history of physical or sexual abuse did not differ statistically from those without such a history in terms of depressive symptoms or type and number of diagnoses. However, proportionally more girls with a history of physical or sexual abuse presented self-harm and relational problems with their parents and peers.

CONCLUSION:

Both history of physical or sexual abuse and self-destructive behaviors are rooted in relational problems. The results show that these are related to one another among those adolescent girls. Clinically, these findings suggest that it is important for clinicians do a thorough exploration of self-destructive behaviors and family and peer relations when assessing depressed adolescent girls.

KEYWORDS:

adolescents; girls; mood disorders; physical abuse; self-harm; sexual abuse

PMID:
28747935
PMCID:
PMC5510941

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