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PLoS One. 2017 Jul 25;12(7):e0179826. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179826. eCollection 2017.

Facilitators and barriers to physical activity in people with chronic low back pain: A qualitative study.

Author information

1
Service de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
2
INRA, Université Clermont Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
3
Service de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation, Faculté de Médecine Montpellier-Nîmes, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Carémeau, Nîmes, France.
4
Euromov, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

For medical teams, one of the main objectives of rehabilitation for people with chronic low back pain is adherence to physical activity (PA).

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to identify PA barriers and facilitators in this population.

METHODS:

This qualitative study included 4 discussion groups and 16 semi-structured interviews conducted among people with non-specific chronic low back pain who were involved in a specific rehabilitation program or seen in primary care settings.

RESULTS:

Three main themes were identified: physical factors, psychological factors and socio-environmental factors. The main barrier to PA practice is pain. Psychological barriers were associated with the difficulty in integrating PA in the person's daily life. Environmental barriers were dominated by lack of time. Facilitators identified associated the supervised nature of the physical activity (supervision by professionals) and group practice, which improved people's adherence.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study will allow teams to target relevant educational objectives for these people and develop dedicated self-management programs.

PMID:
28742820
PMCID:
PMC5526504
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0179826
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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