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Transplantation. 2017 Aug;101(8S Suppl 1):S1-S109. doi: 10.1097/TP.0000000000001769.

KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline on the Evaluation and Care of Living Kidney Donors.

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1
1 Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. 2 Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN. 3 Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA. 4 Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC. 5 Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico. 6 Mansoura University Mansoura, Egypt. 7 Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. 8 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. 9 Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, India. 10 Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. 11 Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. 12 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. 13 Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan. 14 University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. 15 University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. 16 KDIGO, Brussels, Belgium. 17 Western University London, Canada.

Abstract

The 2017 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Clinical Practice Guideline on the Evaluation and Care of Living Kidney Donors is intended to assist medical professionals who evaluate living kidney donor candidates and provide care before, during and after donation. The guideline development process followed the Grades of Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach and guideline recommendations are based on systematic reviews of relevant studies that included critical appraisal of the quality of the evidence and the strength of recommendations. However, many recommendations, for which there was no evidence or no systematic search for evidence was undertaken by the Evidence Review Team, were issued as ungraded expert opinion recommendations. The guideline work group concluded that a comprehensive approach to risk assessment should replace decisions based on assessments of single risk factors in isolation. Original data analyses were undertaken to produce a "proof-in-concept" risk-prediction model for kidney failure to support a framework for quantitative risk assessment in the donor candidate evaluation and defensible shared decision making. This framework is grounded in the simultaneous consideration of each candidate's profile of demographic and health characteristics. The processes and framework for the donor candidate evaluation are presented, along with recommendations for optimal care before, during, and after donation. Limitations of the evidence are discussed, especially regarding the lack of definitive prospective studies and clinical outcome trials. Suggestions for future research, including the need for continued refinement of long-term risk prediction and novel approaches to estimating donation-attributable risks, are also provided.In citing this document, the following format should be used: Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Living Kidney Donor Work Group. KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline on the Evaluation and Care of Living Kidney Donors. Transplantation. 2017;101(Suppl 8S):S1-S109.

PMID:
28742762
PMCID:
PMC5540357
DOI:
10.1097/TP.0000000000001769
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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