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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2017;9(2):64-70. doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2017.11. Epub 2017 Jun 29.

The effect of statins on the organs: similar or contradictory?

Author information

1
Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Biotechnology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

Hydroxy-Methyl-Glutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR) - the main enzyme of the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway - is mostly inhibited by statins in hepatocytes. In spite of the other tissues, liver utilizes cholesterol in different ways such as the synthesis of bile acids, excretion in to the intestine and synthesis of lipoproteins. Therefore, statins theoretically alter these pathways; although, there have not been such effects. In this review, we aim to show the roles of extra-hepatic tissues, in particular intestine, adipose and cutaneous tissues in providing the cholesterol after reduction of the whole body cholesterol content by statins.

KEYWORDS:

Adipose Tissue; Cholesterol; HDL-C; Ileum; Statins

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