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Adv Otorhinolaryngol. 2017;80:66-73. doi: 10.1159/000470868. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Updated Nasal Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Abstract

Numerous studies report that difficulty breathing through the nose is associated with reduced sleep quality, increased daytime dysfunction, and increased risk of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Additionally, chronic nasal obstruction often complicates and limits successful medical device therapy for OSA, particularly with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). When medical evaluation and management of the nose is inadequate, surgical therapy to lower nasal resistance has been shown to substantially improve sleep and breathing outcome measures. Although nasal surgery in isolation does not have a consistent effect on the apnea-hypopnea index in OSA patients, it does have robust evidence on improving snoring, subjective sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, sleep-related quality of life measures, and other important OSA outcome measures. Furthermore, in OSA patients with sinonasal disease who are struggling with CPAP and other medical devices, sinonasal surgery also has the potential to lower pressure requirements and improve adherence rates. Nasal surgery plays a key adjunctive role in the management of an OSA patient population.

PMID:
28738377
DOI:
10.1159/000470868
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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