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Rev Chil Pediatr. 2017 Jun;88(3):417-423. doi: 10.4067/S0370-41062017000300017.

[Celiac disease, non celiac gluten sensitivity and wheat allergy: comparison of 3 different diseases triggered by the same food].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
Unidad de Investigación, Departamento de Pediatría y Cirugía Oriente, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.


Gluten and other related proteins of the wheat, rye and barley, have antigenic properties that may trigger adverse reactions in susceptible individuals. Celiac disease was the first pathology with clear causal association related to the intake of these proteins. Recently, wheat allergy and non celiac gluten sensitivity have been described. Although, clinical presentation and its relation with protein ingestion may be similar and elicit confusion, their pathogenic mechanism, diagnosis and treatment are quite different. Since the prevalence of these diseases is relatively high as a whole, it is essential that these become familiar to primary care doctors and general pediatricians, thus they will know how to differentiate and face them. The aim of this review is to compare the main aspects of epidemiology, pathofisiology, diagnosis and treatment of these 3 conditions.

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