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Biomed Opt Express. 2017 Mar 24;8(4):2324-2338. doi: 10.1364/BOE.8.002324. eCollection 2017 Apr 1.

Fluorescein as a topical fluorescent contrast agent for quantitative microendoscopic inspection of colorectal epithelium.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Arkansas, 1 University Blvd., Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.
Department of Anatomic Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, L-25, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.
Department of Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W. Markham Street, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA.


Fiber bundle microendoscopic imaging of colorectal tissue has shown promising results, for both qualitative and quantitative analysis. A quantitative image quality control and image feature extraction algorithm was previously designed for quantitative image feature analysis of proflavine-stained ex vivo colorectal tissue. We investigated fluorescein as an alternative topical stain. Images of ex vivo porcine, caprine, and human colorectal tissue were used to compare microendoscopic images of tissue topically stained with fluorescein and proflavine solutions. Fluorescein was shown to be comparable for automated crypt detection, with an average crypt detection sensitivity exceeding 90% using a combination of three contrast limit pairs.


(100.2960) Image analysis; (170.2150) Endoscopic imaging; (180.2520) Fluorescence microscopy

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