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Injury. 2017 Oct;48(10):2348-2353. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2017.07.013. Epub 2017 Jul 13.

Management of displaced inferior patellar pole fractures with modified tension band technique combined with cable cerclage using Cable Grip System.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, No. 169, Donghu Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan 430071, China. Electronic address: yangxu0827@gmail.com.
2
Department of Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Hubei Provincial Government, East 2nd Road, Shuiguohu Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan 430071, China. Electronic address: wqfen@21cn.com.
3
Second Clinical College, Medical School of Wuhan University, No. 169, Donghu Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan 430071, China. Electronic address: ljh5433@163.com.
4
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, No. 169, Donghu Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan 430071, China. Electronic address: wangxinznyy@whu.edu.cn.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

We present a modified tension band technique combined with cable cerclage using Cable Grip System for the treatment of displaced inferior patellar pole fractures and report the knee functional outcome.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The patients who had had operative treatment of a displaced inferior patellar pole fracture (AO/OTA 34-A1) between December 2013 and December 2015 were studied retrospectively. Eleven consecutive patients had had open reduction and internal fixation with the modified technique using Cable Grip System, of whom, five males and six females with an average age of 60.9 years (range, 29-81 years). All fractures occurred from direct fall onto the knee. The average time from injury to surgery was 6.1days (range, 2-12days). The range of motion (ROM) was measured in degrees by goniometry at postoperative intervals of 1, 2, 4, 12, and 48 weeks; Knee function was evaluated using the Rasmussen scores at final follow-up.

RESULTS:

No patients had nonunion, loss of reduction, migration of wire, irritation from the implant and fixation breakage during the follow-up period. Recovery of ROM was achieved at 12 weeks, with the average ROM at 1 week was 72° (range, 65°-78°), 86.4° (range, 78°-92°) at 2 weeks, 115.5° (range, 103°-122°) at 4 weeks, 129.6° (range, 122°-133°) at 12 weeks, 134.5° (range, 129°-139°) at 48 weeks after the operation. Concerning the knee function outcome assessment, all patients showed excellent results at final follow-up. The average Rasmussen scores was 27.9 out of 30 (range, 27-29).

CONCLUSIONS:

The modified tension band technique combined with cable cerclage using Cable Grip System for displaced inferior patellar pole fractures can provide stable fixation with excellent results in knee function, allows for immediate mobilization and early weight-bearing, which is a simple and valuable technique in routine clinical practice.

KEYWORDS:

Cable grip system; Cerclage; Displaced inferior patellar pole fracture; Modified tension-band; Titanium cable

PMID:
28733044
DOI:
10.1016/j.injury.2017.07.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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