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Morphologie. 2018 Mar;102(336):25-30. doi: 10.1016/j.morpho.2017.06.003. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

Ultrasound-guided fine-needle capillary cytology of parotid gland masses coupled with a rapid-on-site evaluation improves results.

Author information

1
Service de radiologie, neuroradiologie diagnostique et thérapeutique, CHU Rangueil, 1, avenue Jean-Poulhes, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.
2
Département d'anatomie et cytologie pathologiques, institut universitaire du cancer (IUC) Toulouse oncopôle, 1, avenue Irène-Joliot-Curie, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France; Laboratoire d'histologie-embryologie, faculté de médecine Rangueil, 31059 Toulouse, France.
3
Oto-rhino-laryngologie (ORL) et chirurgie cervico-faciale, hôpital Larrey, 24, chemin de Pouvourville, TSA 30030, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.
4
Département d'anatomie et cytologie pathologiques, institut universitaire du cancer (IUC) Toulouse oncopôle, 1, avenue Irène-Joliot-Curie, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France; Laboratoire d'histologie-embryologie, faculté de médecine Rangueil, 31059 Toulouse, France. Electronic address: monique.courtade-saidi@univ-tlse3.fr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY:

To test whether a direct-on-site microscopic examination of fresh, unstained puncture slides by the radiologist decreases the rate of false-negative cases on ultrasound-guided fine-needle cytology of parotid gland masses.

PATIENTS:

Thirty parotid gland masses from 28 patients were punctured under ultrasound guidance. The same group was used as its control group.

METHODS:

After one or two passes, the material was spread on slides and air-dried (control group, without microscopic examination). For the study group, it was thus analyzed unstained under the microscope. A sample was considered adequate if at least six clusters of parotid cells were found per slide on at least two slides. For the study group, new punctures were obtained and slides prepared until this condition was fulfilled.

RESULTS:

Of the 30 evaluated masses, 100% benefited from a cytological diagnosis after microscopy. Twenty-four were adequate in the control group, while 30 were adequate in the study group. The maximum number of punctures to obtain an adequate sample was six. On-site direct microscopy significantly increased the number of adequate specimens by 20% (P=0.03, CI [1.63-20%]).

CONCLUSION:

Direct and systematic examination of slides by a radiologist avoided the risk of false-negative results caused by having insufficient sample material.

KEYWORDS:

Direct-on-site evaluation; Parotid gland; Ultrasound-guided fine-needle cytology

PMID:
28732678
DOI:
10.1016/j.morpho.2017.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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