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BMC Med Educ. 2017 Jul 21;17(1):127. doi: 10.1186/s12909-017-0947-7.

The implementation of a quality system in the Dutch GP specialty training: barriers and facilitators; a qualitative study.

Author information

1
Department of General Practice/Family Medicine, Academic Medical Center-University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. n.buwalda@amc.uva.nl.
2
IQ Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
3
Department of General Practice/Family Medicine, Academic Medical Center-University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Quality assurance programs in medical education are introduced to gain insight into the quality of such programs and to trigger improvements. Although of utmost importance, research on the implementation of such programs is scarce. The Dutch General Practice (GP) specialty training institutes used an implementation strategy to implement a quality system (QS), and we aimed to study the success of this strategy and to learn about additional facilitators and barriers.

METHODS:

Seventeen structured interviews were conducted with the directors and quality coordinators (QCs) of the eight Dutch GP training institutes. A five-stage process model of implementation was used to structure these interviews and analyze the data. Two researchers analyzed the data with a framework approach.

RESULTS:

The strategy supported the institutes in implementing the QS. However, after the introduction of the QS, staff experienced the QS as demanding, although they noticed almost no concrete short-term results. Moreover, they experienced difficulties in integrating the QS into their local situation. Collectively working with the QS and following common deadlines did create a sense of commitment towards each other that appeared to be a true stimulus to the introduction of the QS.

CONCLUSIONS:

The implementation strategy focused mainly on the introduction of the QS in the GP specialty training, and it was, as such, rather successful. An important barrier concerned the acceptance of the QS and the integration of the QS into local structures, which suggests that there is a need for guidance on the translation of the QS to local contexts. All in all, we recommend more focus on the benefits of a QS.

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