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PLoS One. 2017 Jul 21;12(7):e0181656. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181656. eCollection 2017.

The exported chaperone Hsp70-x supports virulence functions for Plasmodium falciparum blood stage parasites.

Author information

1
Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
3
Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
4
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom.
5
Walter & Eliza Hall Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
6
Parasitology, FB Biology, Philips University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.
7
Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

Malaria is caused by five different Plasmodium spp. in humans each of which modifies the host erythrocyte to survive and replicate. The two main causes of malaria, P. falciparum and P. vivax, differ in their ability to cause severe disease, mainly due to differences in the cytoadhesion of infected erythrocytes (IE) in the microvasculature. Cytoadhesion of P. falciparum in the brain leads to a large number of deaths each year and is a consequence of exported parasite proteins, some of which modify the erythrocyte cytoskeleton while others such as PfEMP1 project onto the erythrocyte surface where they bind to endothelial cells. Here we investigate the effects of knocking out an exported Hsp70-type chaperone termed Hsp70-x that is present in P. falciparum but not P. vivax. Although the growth of Δhsp70-x parasites was unaffected, the export of PfEMP1 cytoadherence proteins was delayed and Δhsp70-x IE had reduced adhesion. The Δhsp70-x IE were also more rigid than wild-type controls indicating changes in the way the parasites modified their host erythrocyte. To investigate the cause of this, transcriptional and translational changes in exported and chaperone proteins were monitored and some changes were observed. We propose that PfHsp70-x is not essential for survival in vitro, but may be required for the efficient export and functioning of some P. falciparum exported proteins.

PMID:
28732045
PMCID:
PMC5521827
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0181656
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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