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PLoS One. 2017 Jul 21;12(7):e0180666. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180666. eCollection 2017.

The KP1_4563 gene is regulated by the cAMP receptor protein and controls type 3 fimbrial function in Klebsiella pneumoniae NTUH-K2044.

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School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.
Dianjiang center for disease control and prevention, Chongqing, China.
Zunyi Medical and Pharmaceutical College, Zunyi City, China.


Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is an opportunistic pathogen that can adhere to host cells or extracellular matrix via type 1 and type 3 fimbriae. KP1_4563 is a gene encoding a hypothetical protein in K. pneumoniae NTUH-K2044. KP1_4563 is located between the type 1 and type 3 fimbrial gene clusters and is likely associated with fimbrial function given its putative conserved domains of unknown function (DUF1471). Cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) regulates virulence-related gene expression and is a crucial transcriptional regulator in many bacteria. The predicted DNA recognition motif of CRP is present in the KP1_4563 promoter region. This study aimed to investigate the function of KP1_4563 in fimbriae and its transcriptional regulation mechanism by CRP. We generated Kp-Δ4563 mutant and complementation strains. We utilized phenotype and adhesion assays to evaluate the role of KP1_4563 in fimbriae. We conducted quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), LacZ fusion, electrophoretic mobility shift, and DNase I footprinting assays to study the transcriptional regulation of KP1_4563 gene by CRP. We found that KP1_4563 negatively regulates the function of type 3 fimbriae. Compared with NTUH-K2044, the absence of KP1_4563 enhanced the ability of Kp-Δ4563 to adhere to A549 cells. CRP negatively regulates KP1_4563 by directly binding to its promoter region. KP1_4563 plays an important role in type 3 fimbrial function. This novel insight will assist in the development of strategies for preventing K. pneumoniae infection.

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