Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2018 Aug;48(4):481-498. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12369. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Suicidal Self-Directed Violence Among Homeless US Veterans: A Systematic Review.

Author information

1
VA Rocky Mountain Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center (MIRECC), Denver, CO, USA.
2
Department of Psychology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.
3
Department of Psychology, Seattle University, Seattle, WA, USA.
4
Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado (UCD) Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA.
5
Judi's House, Denver, CO, USA.
6
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Psychiatry and Department of Neurology, University of Colorado (UCD) Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA.

Abstract

A systematic review of the literature was conducted to investigate suicidal self-directed violence and homelessness among US military veterans, and identify existing suicide prevention strategies. In November 2015, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google, and Google Scholar were searched. Articles published since 1990 investigating self-directed violence among homeless veterans were identified. Data were extracted and synthesized qualitatively. Nineteen observational studies were included. Suicide ideation rates were 1.3% (current), 7.0% (past week), 12.1%-18% (past 30 days), and 74% (lifetime). Suicide attempt rates were 0%-6% (past 30 days), 30.7%-31.5% (past 5 years), and 15%-46.6% (lifetime). Death by suicide rate was 81.0 per 100,000. No interventional studies to prevent self-directed violence among homeless veterans were identified. Homeless veterans are at risk for self-directed violence, suggesting the need for research to examine preventive strategies. A comprehensive public health approach to suicide prevention needs to focus on vulnerable populations, including homeless veterans.

PMID:
28731200
DOI:
10.1111/sltb.12369
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center