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Chemistry. 2017 Sep 27;23(54):13474-13481. doi: 10.1002/chem.201702544. Epub 2017 Sep 5.

Hierarchical Hybrids Integrated by Dual Polypyrrole-Based Porous Carbons for Enhanced Capacitive Performance.

Author information

1
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Key Laboratory of Coal Clean, Conversion and Chemical Engineering Process, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi, 830046, P.R. China.
2
School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, P.R. China.

Abstract

Architectural design of nitrogenous polymer-based carbons represents a facile and efficient strategy to improve performance because of their morphological diversity, tailorability, and N-containing structure. In this research, 0D and 1D forms of polypyrrole-derived porous carbons (A-PCS and A-PCT, respectively) are first integrated into nitrogen-doped hierarchically porous A-PCS/PCT hybrids by applying an easy multistep method. This integration, along with chemical activation, prevents serious agglomeration of carbon particles or tubes and creates a connected porous network structure, leading to improved textural properties (high surface area of 1684 m2  g-1 , high pore volume of 1.57 cm3  g-1 , and hierarchical porosity). Thus, A-PCS/PCT hybrids in a three-electrode setup reach high specific capacitances of 224 and 206 F g-1 at 1 and 20 A g-1 , respectively, with high rate capability (92 % capacitance retention). A symmetrical supercapacitor with A-PCS/PCT electrodes presents the highest power and energy densities of 12.6 kW kg-1 and 8.58 Wh kg-1 , respectively, and exceptional cycling life and stability with 92.4 % retention for up to 20 000 cycles. This study on conductive polymer-based hybrid materials may guide the design of architectures with new structures for applications in energy storage and conversion technologies.

KEYWORDS:

carbon; mesoporous materials; nanostructures; polymers; supercapacitors

PMID:
28730675
DOI:
10.1002/chem.201702544

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