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Am J Physiol. 1986 Jun;250(6 Pt 2):F1039-45.

Effect of respiratory acidosis on intracellular pH of the proximal tubule.


In contrast to chronic metabolic acidosis, chronic respiratory acidosis does not result in an adaptation in either renal ammonia or glucose production. To examine the possibility that this might be explained by a difference in proximal tubule intracellular pH, the response of two pH-sensitive metabolites, citrate and alpha-ketoglutarate, were assessed. Metabolic acidosis of 3 days duration, induced by drinking 1.5% NH4Cl, significantly reduced urinary citrate excretion (172 to 15 mumol/day) and renal cortical citrate (1.33 to 0.88 mumol/g) and alpha-ketoglutarate (0.90 to 0.46 mumol/g) concentrations in comparison with normal rats. Chronic respiratory acidosis, produced by 3 days in a 10% CO2 environment, lowered systemic pH similar to metabolic acidosis but had no effect on either urinary citrate excretion or renal cortical citrate and alpha-ketoglutarate concentrations. By contrast, acute respiratory acidosis (3, 6, or 24 h duration) reduced urinary citrate excretion and renal cortical citrate and alpha-ketoglutarate concentrations in a fashion similar to acute metabolic acidosis. These data suggest that acute acidosis of either respiratory or metabolic origin lowers the intracellular pH of the proximal tubule. However, when the acid-base abnormality enters the chronic phase, proximal tubular intracellular pH remains low with metabolic acidosis but returns to normal values with respiratory acidosis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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