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J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2018 Jan;27(1):51-57. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2016.6261. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

A Collaborative, Network-Based Approach to Advance Women's Depression Research in the United States: Preliminary Findings.

Author information

1
1 Department of Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine, Florida State University College of Medicine , Tallahassee, Florida.
2
2 Department of Biostatistics, Statistical Analysis of Biomedical and Educational Research, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, Michigan.
3
3 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina , Charleston, South Carolina.
4
4 Department of Psychiatry, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine , New York, New York.
5
5 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine , New York, New York.
6
6 Women's Behavioral Health, Zucker Hillside Hospital , Northwell Health, New York, New York.
7
7 Women's Mental Health Research Program, Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Center for Research on Women and Gender, University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago, Illinois.
8
8 Department of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
9
9 Women and Infants Mental Health Program, Department of Psychiatry and Depression Center, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, Michigan.
10
10 Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
11
11 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
12
12 Penn Center for Women's Behavioral Wellness, Penn PROMOTES Research on Sex and Gender in Health, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
13
13 Department of Community Health Systems, UCSF Depression Center, University of California , San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Translation of women's mental health research has yet to impact overall prevalence and burden of Mood Disorders in the United States. The lack of standard measures and methodological coordination across studies has contributed to the slow impact of research on outcomes. The primary aims of this project were to demonstrate the process by which multiple investigators, sites, and settings administered a standard women's mental health questionnaire within a new Women's Depression Network. Information on the prevalence of mental health and service use across sites is provided.

METHODS:

A standard women's mental health questionnaire was developed and administered across seven different women's health sites in the United States. Validated measures of depression and anxiety were included (Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Scale [PHQ-9] and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale [GAD-7]). Administration of the questionnaire was embedded into existing clinical or research activities at each site.

RESULTS:

Data from 1,316 women were collected from seven sites over 12 months. A total of 14% and 15% of the women scored at or above the cutoff on the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 respectively. Just over half of the women screening positive for either depression or anxiety reported current treatment use.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings suggest that coordination and administration of a standard women's mental health questionnaire is feasible across multiple settings and sites. Results highlight a low percentage of treatment use across various settings. The infrastructure developed for this study sets the stage for hypothesis-driven studies that can facilitate coordinated, network-based research that has the potential to accelerate advances in the field.

KEYWORDS:

anxiety; depression; screening; symptoms; women

PMID:
28727948
PMCID:
PMC5771545
DOI:
10.1089/jwh.2016.6261
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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