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J Med Chem. 1986 Jun;29(6):1065-80.

Beta 1-selective adrenoceptor antagonists: examples of the 2-[4-[3-(substituted amino)-2-hydroxypropoxy]phenyl]imidazole class. 2.


An attempt to develop a highly cardioselective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist devoid of intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA) focused on exploring structure-activity relationships around (S)-[p-[3-[[2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethyl]amino]-2-hydroxypropoxy] phenyl]-4-(2-thienyl)imidazole. Strategies to reduce or eliminate ISA centered on structural changes that could influence activation of the receptor by the drug itself or by a metabolite. The approaches involved (a) eliminating the acidic imidazole N-H proton, (b) incorporating substituents ortho to the beta-adrenergic blocking side chain, (c) increasing steric bulk around the N-H moiety, (d) decreasing lipophilicity, (e) introducing intramolecular hydrogen bonding involving the imidazole N-H, and (f) displacing the imidazole ring from an activating position by the incorporation of a spacer element. The compounds were investigated in vitro for beta-adrenoceptor antagonism and in vivo for ISA. From these studies, the most successful variation involved the insertion of a spacer between the imidazole and aryl rings. (S)-4-Acetyl-2-[[4-[3-[[2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethyl]amino]-2-hydroxypropoxy]phenyl]methyl] imidazole (S-51) was demonstrated to be highly cardioselective (dose ratio beta 2/beta 1 greater than 9333) and devoid of ISA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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