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J Clin Epidemiol. 2017 Oct;90:43-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.06.016. Epub 2017 Jul 15.

AHRQ series on complex intervention systematic reviews-paper 6: PRISMA-CI extension statement and checklist.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA; Department of Medical Informatics & Outcomes Research School of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA; Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA; Oregon Health & Science University-Portland State University School of Public Health, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA. Electronic address: guisej@ohsu.edu.
2
University of Minnesota School of Public Health, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
3
Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality, 5600 Fishers Lane, Mailstop 06E53A, Rockville, MD 20857, USA.
4
RTI International, 3040 East Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle-Park, NC 27709, USA.
5
School of Education, Loyola University Chicago, 111 E. Pearson Avenue, Chicago, IL 60614, USA.
6
Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 43 Bruyère St, Annex E, Room 304, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 5C8 D, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Complex interventions are widely used in health systems, public health, education, and communities and are increasingly the subject of systematic reviews. Oversimplification and inconsistencies in reporting about complex interventions can limit the usability of review findings.

RATIONALE:

Although guidance exists to ensure that reports of individual studies and systematic reviews adhere to accepted scientific standards, their design-specific focus leaves important reporting gaps relative to complex interventions in health care. This paper provides a stand-alone extension to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) reporting tool for complex interventions-PRISMA-CI-to help authors, publishers, and readers understand and apply to systematic reviews of complex interventions.

DISCUSSION:

PRISMA-CI development followed the Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research Network guidance for extensions and focused on adding or modifying only essential items that are truly unique to complex interventions and are not covered by broader interpretation of current PRISMA guidance. PRISMA-CI provides an important structure and guidance for systematic reviews and meta-analyses for the highly prevalent and dynamic field of complex interventions.

KEYWORDS:

Complex interventions; Evidence-based medicine; Guidance as topic; Health care interventions; Publishing standards; Research design; Research report standards; Review literature as topic; Systematic review

PMID:
28720516
DOI:
10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.06.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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