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Drug Dev Ind Pharm. 2017 Dec;43(12):1978-1988. doi: 10.1080/03639045.2017.1357731. Epub 2017 Aug 10.

Development of Emu oil-loaded PCL/collagen bioactive nanofibers for proliferation and stemness preservation of human adipose-derived stem cells: possible application in regenerative medicine.

Author information

1
a Department of Medical Biotechnology and Nanotechnology, Faculty of Medicine , Zanjan University of Medical Sciences , Zanjan , Iran.
2
b Stem Cell Research Center , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , Iran.
3
c Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , Iran.
4
d Neurosciences Research Center , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , Iran.
5
e Cancer Gene Therapy Research Center , Zanjan University of Medical Sciences , Zanjan , Iran.
6
f National Institute for Medical Research Development , Tehran , Iran.

Abstract

Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are promising candidate in stem cell therapies, and maintaining their stemness potential is vital to achieve effective treatment. Natural-based scaffolds have been recently attracted increasing attention in nanomedicine and drug delivery. In the present study, a polymeric nanofibrous scaffold was developed based on the polycaprolactone/Collagen (PCL/Coll) containing Emu oil as a bioactive material to induce the proliferation of ASCs, while simultaneously preserving the stemness property of those cells. Fabrication of the electrospun Emu oil-loaded PCL/Coll nanofibers was confirmed by using FE-SEM, FTIR, and tensile test. ASCs were seeded on two types of nanofibers (PCL/Coll and Emu oil-loaded PCL/Coll) and their proliferation, cell cycle progression, and stemness gene expressions were evaluated using MTT, propidium iodide staining, and qPCR during 14 days, respectively. The results indicated that ASCs displayed improved adhesion capacity with the higher rates of bioactivity and proliferation on the Emu oil-loaded nanofibers than the other groups. The proliferation capacity of ASCs on Emu oil-loaded PCL/Coll nanofibers was further confirmed by the cell cycle progression analysis. It was also found that Emu oil-loaded nanofibers significantly up-regulated the expression of stemness markers including sox-2, nanog, oct4, klf4, and c-Myc. The results demonstrated that the nanofibers containing Emu oil can reinforce the cell adhesion and enhance ASCs proliferation while preserving their stemness; therefore, using scaffolds containing natural products may have a great potential to enhance the in vitro expansion capacity of ASCs in the field of stem cell therapy and regenerative medicine.

KEYWORDS:

Emu oil; nanofiber; regenerative medicine; stem cell therapy; stemness preservation

PMID:
28718680
DOI:
10.1080/03639045.2017.1357731
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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