Format

Send to

Choose Destination
PLoS One. 2017 Jul 17;12(7):e0181159. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181159. eCollection 2017.

Impact of an implicit social skills training group in children with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability: A before-and-after study.

Author information

1
Department of Child Psychiatry, APHM, Marseille, France.
2
Faculty of Medicine of Marseille, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.
3
Department of Medical Evaluation and Public Health, APHM, Marseille, France.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) have problems with social skills. Social skills training groups are among the proposed therapeutic strategies, but their efficacy still needs to be evaluated.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy of an implicit social skills training group in children with ASDs without intellectual disability.

METHODS:

A before-and-after study of children with ASD without intellectual disability was conducted in a child psychiatry day hospital, where they participated in an implicit group with cooperative games. Their social skills were assessed using the Social-Emotional Profile (SEP), the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and the empathy quotient (EQ) before and after 22 weeks.

RESULTS:

Six patients aged 9 to 10 years old were evaluated. A significant increase in overall adaptation and social skills (median 8 and 7.7 points) in the SEP was demonstrated in addition to a significant reduction in the CARS score (median: 4 points), including in the field of social relationships. The EQ increased two-fold.

DISCUSSION—CONCLUSION:

This implicit group improved the children's social skills. It would be interesting to evaluate the maintenance of these skills over time, examine more widespread results, and compare implicit and explicit groups.

PMID:
28715464
PMCID:
PMC5513455
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0181159
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center