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J Altern Complement Med. 2018 Jan;24(1):33-36. doi: 10.1089/acm.2016.0346. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Does Music Therapy Improve Anxiety and Depression in Alzheimer's Patients?

Author information

1
1 Department of Dentistry, European University of Valencia , Valencia, Spain .
2
2 Faculty of Psychology, European University of Valencia , Valencia, Spain .
3
3 Department of Nursing, Hospital of Manises , Manises, Spain .
4
4 University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain .
5
5 Catholic University of Valencia , Valencia, Spain .
6
6 Department of Nursing, University of Valencia , Valencia, Spain .
7
7 Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia , Valencia, Spain .

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effectiveness of the implementation of a short protocol of music therapy as a tool to reduce stress and improve the emotional state in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease.

METHODS:

A sample of 25 patients with mild Alzheimer's received therapy based on the application of a music therapy session lasting 60 min. Before and after the therapy, patient saliva was collected to quantify the level of salivary cortisol using the Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) immunoassay technique and a questionnaire was completed to measure anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale).

RESULTS:

The results show that the application of this therapy lowers the level of stress and decreases significantly depression and anxiety, establishing a linear correlation between the variation of these variables and the variation of cortisol.

CONCLUSIONS:

A short protocol of music therapy can be an alternative medicine to improve emotional variables in Alzheimer patients.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer's; anxiety; cortisol; depression; music therapy

PMID:
28714736
DOI:
10.1089/acm.2016.0346
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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