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J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2016 Jul-Sep;28(3):461-464.

Laparoscopy In Unexplained Abdominal Pain: Surgeon's Perspective.

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1
Department of General Surgery, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Unexplained abdominal pain is a common but difficult presenting feature faced by the clinicians. Such patients can undergo a number of investigations with failure to reach any diagnosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of laparoscopy in the diagnosis and management of patients with unexplained abdominal pain.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was conducted at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences Islamabad from January 2009 to December 2013. This study included 91 patients of unexplained abdominal pain not diagnosed by routine clinical examination and investigations. These patients were subjected to diagnostic laparoscopy for evaluation of their conditions and to confirm the diagnosis. These patients presented 43% of patients undergoing investigations for abdominal pain. Patients diagnosed with gynaecological problems were excluded to see surgeon's perspective. The findings and the outcomes of the laparoscopy were recorded and data was analyzed.

RESULTS:

Unexplained abdominal pain is common in females than in males. The most common laparoscopic findings were abdominal tuberculosis followed by appendicitis. Ninety percent patients achieved pain relief after laparoscopic intervention.

CONCLUSIONS:

Laparoscopy is both beneficial and safe in majority of patients with unexplained abdominal pain. General surgeons should acquire training and experience in laparoscopic surgery to provide maximum benefit to these difficult patients.

KEYWORDS:

Diagnostic laparoscopy; abdominal tuberculosis; appendicitis; unexplained abdominal pain

PMID:
28712213
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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