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Semin Nephrol. 2017 Jul;37(4):337-346. doi: 10.1016/j.semnephrol.2017.05.005.

Chronic Kidney Disease and Pregnancy.

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Division of Nephrology, Division of Obstetric Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:


Women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at risk for adverse pregnancy-associated outcomes, including progression of their underlying renal dysfunction, a flare of their kidney disease, and adverse pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and preterm delivery. Earlier-stage CKD, as a rule, is a safer time to have a pregnancy, but even women with end-stage kidney disease have attempted pregnancy in recent years. As such, nephrologists need to be comfortable with pregnancy preparation and management at all stages of CKD. In this article, we review the renal physiologic response to pregnancy and the literature with respect to both expected maternal and fetal outcomes among young women at various stages of CKD, including those who attempt to conceive while on dialysis. The general management of young women with CKD and associated complications, including hypertension and proteinuria are discussed. Finally, the emotional impact these pregnancies may have on young women with a chronic disease and the potential benefits of care in a multidisciplinary environment are highlighted.


Pregnancy; chronic kidney disease (CKD); end-stage kidney disease (ESKD); glomerular physiology

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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