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BMJ Open. 2017 Jul 13;7(7):e014533. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014533.

Effect of interdisciplinary care on weight loss: a randomised controlled trial.

Author information

1
School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.
2
Illawarra Health andMedical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.
3
Department of Renal Medicine, Illawarra Shoalhaven Local Health District, Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, Australia.
4
School of Mathematics and Applied Statistics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.
5
School of Psychology, Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effectiveness of a novel interdisciplinary treatment compared with usual care on weight loss in overweight and obese adult volunteers.

DESIGN:

Single blinded controlled trial. Participants randomly assigned to usual care (C, general guideline-based diet and exercise advice), intervention (I, interdisciplinary protocol) or intervention + a healthy food supplement (30 g walnuts/day) (IW).

SETTING:

Community based study, Illawarra region, south of Sydney, Australia.

PARTICIPANTS:

Generally well volunteer adult residents, 25-54 years, body mass index (BMI) 25-40kg/m2 were eligible. At baseline 439 were assessed, 377 were randomised, 298 completed the 3-month intensive phase and 178 completed the 12-month follow-up.

INTERVENTIONS:

Treatment was provided at clinic visits intensively (0 months, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months) then quarterly to 12 months. Support phone calls were quarterly. All participants underwent blinded assessments for diet, exercise and psychological status.

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY MEASURES:

The primary outcome was difference in weight loss between baseline and 12 months (clinically relevant target 5% loss). Secondary outcomes were changes in blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and lipids, and changes in diet, exercise and psychological parameters.

RESULTS:

At 12 months, differences in weight loss were identified (p<0.001). The I group lost more than controls at 3 months (91.11 (92.23,90.00), p<0.05) and the IW more than controls at 3 months (91.25 (92.35,90.15), p<0.05) and 6 months (92.20 (93.90,90.49), p<0.01). The proportion achieving 5% weight loss was significantly different at 3 months, 6 months and 9 months (p=0.04, p=0.03, p=0.03), due to fewer controls on target at 3 months, 6 months and 9 months and more IW participants at 6 months. Reductions in secondary outcomes (systolic blood pressure, blood glucose/lipid parameters and lifestyle measures) followed the pattern of weight loss.

CONCLUSIONS:

An interdisciplinary intervention produced greater and more clinically significant and sustained weight loss compared with usual care. The intensive phase was sufficient to reach clinically relevant targets, but long-term management plans may be required.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:

ANZCTRN 12614000581662; Post-results.

KEYWORDS:

chronic disease; health services; interdisciplinary; primary care; weight management

PMID:
28710205
DOI:
10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014533
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Conflict of interest statement

Competing interests: None declared

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