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J Biol Chem. 1986 May 5;261(13):5817-23.

Co-purification of an atrial natriuretic factor receptor and particulate guanylate cyclase from rat lung.


An atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) receptor from rat lung was solubilized with Lubrol-PX and purified by sequential chromatographic steps on GTP-agarose, DEAE-Sephacel, phenyl-agarose, and wheat germ agglutinin-agarose. The ANF receptor was enriched 19,000-fold. The purified receptor has a binding profile and properties that correspond to the affinity and specificity found in membranes and crude detergent extracts. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified preparation in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate and dithiothreitol showed the presence of one major protein band with a molecular mass of 120,000 daltons. When purified preparations were incubated with 125I-ANF, then cross-linked with disuccinimidyl suberate, the 120,000-dalton protein was specifically radiolabeled. This high affinity binding site for ANF co-purified with particulate guanylate cyclase. Particulate guanylate cyclase was purified to a specific activity of 19 mumol cyclic GMP produced/min/mg of protein utilizing Mn-GTP as substrate. This represented a 15,000-fold purification compared to the initial lung membrane preparation with Lubrol-PX. Gel permeation high performance liquid chromatography and glycerol density gradient sedimentation studies of the purified preparation also resulted in co-migration of specific ANF binding and guanylate cyclase activities. The co-purification of these activities suggests that both ANF binding and guanylate cyclase activities reside in the same macromolecular complex. Presumably ANF binding occurs at the external membrane surface and cyclic GMP synthesis at the internal membrane surface of this transmembrane glycoprotein.

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