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Theriogenology. 2017 Oct 1;101:81-90. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.05.026. Epub 2017 Jun 3.

Ovulation rate, antral follicle count, and circulating anti-Müllerian hormone in Trio allele carriers, a novel high fecundity bovine genotype.

Author information

1
Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1675 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI, United States; Endocrinology and Reproductive Physiology Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, United States.
2
Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1675 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI, United States.
3
Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1675 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI, United States; Department of Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.
4
Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1675 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI, United States; Department of Animal Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1675 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI, United States.
5
Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1675 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI, United States; Endocrinology and Reproductive Physiology Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, United States. Electronic address: wiltbank@wisc.edu.

Abstract

High fecundity genotypes in sheep are a valuable model to study the physiological mechanisms underlying follicle selection and the control of ovulation rate. Similar genotypes in cattle had not been described until the recent identification of a major bovine allele, termed Trio, which had a large effect on ovulation rate. The present study was designed to evaluate ovulation rate, antral follicle count (AFC), circulating ant-müllerian hormone (AMH), and the association among these measures in unstimulated and superstimulated Trio carrier cattle. We hypothesized that AFC and AMH would be variable among individual cows but would be similar between Trio carriers and non-carrier control cows and that there would be no association between these measures of follicle numbers and ovulation rate. In experiment 1, ovulation rate was determined during 4 consecutive estrous cycles in Trio carriers (n = 34) and non-carrier controls (n = 27). Ovulation rate, on average, was greater (P < 0.01) in Trio carriers (3.5 ± 0.2) compared to non-carrier controls (1.1 ± 0.1) with ∼70% of carrier cycles (n = 136) having 3-4 ovulations while only ∼5% had single ovulations. In contrast, non-carrier cycles (n = 108) were mostly single ovulation (89%) with none having more than two ovulations. In experiment 2, AFC, determined at wave emergence, was not different (P = 0.54) between Trio carriers (24.5 ± 1.3; n = 45) and non-carrier controls (23.1 ± 0.9; n = 37), and no correlation was found between AFC and mean ovulation rate in either genotype (r = -0.009 and r = -0.07; P > 0.70, respectively). In Experiment 3, circulating AMH was also not different between genotypes (P = 0.65) while correlations were found between AFC and AMH in Trio carriers (r = 0.43; P = 0.05; n = 27) and non-carrier controls (r = 0.78; P < 0.01; n = 19). In experiment 4, AFC and AMH were determined in Trio-carriers (n = 9) in relation to a synchronized follicular wave which was unstimulated or stimulated with exogenous FSH. Stimulation with FSH increased ovulation rate, compared to unstimulated Trio carriers, however no association was found between AFC or AMH and ovulation rate regardless of whether superstimulation with exogenous FSH was used. In conclusion, the novel high fecundity bovine genotype Trio, results in consistent multiple ovulations despite having similar AFC and AMH. Therefore, our results suggest that differences in antral follicle numbers during the final stages of follicle development are not a key component of the mechanism underlying multiple ovulations in Trio carriers.

KEYWORDS:

AMH; Antral follicle count; High fecundity; Ovulation

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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