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Cleve Clin J Med. 2017 Jul;84(7 Suppl 1):S15-S21. doi: 10.3949/ccjm.84.s1.03.

The essential role of exercise in the management of type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Pathobiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. kirwanj@ccf.org.
2
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.
3
Metabolic Translational Research Center, Endocrinology & Metabolism Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
4
Department of Pathobiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Abstract

Exercise is typically one of the first management strategies advised for patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Together with diet and behavior modification, exercise is an essential component of all diabetes and obesity prevention and lifestyle intervention programs. Exercise training, whether aerobic or resistance training or a combination, facilitates improved glucose regulation. High-intensity interval training is also effective and has the added benefit of being very time-efficient. While the efficacy, scalability, and affordability of exercise for the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes are well established, sustainability of exercise recommendations for patients remains elusive.

PMID:
28708479
PMCID:
PMC5846677
DOI:
10.3949/ccjm.84.s1.03
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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