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Psych J. 2017 Sep;6(3):185-193. doi: 10.1002/pchj.172. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Moderating effect of age on the association between future time perspective and preventive coping.

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Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China.
Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
Information Center, National Institute of Education Sciences, Beijing, China.
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA.
North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China.
Menzies Health Institute Queensland and School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.


The present study aimed to investigate the moderating effect of age on the relationship between future time perspective (FTP) and future-oriented coping. A total of 1,915 participants aged 9-84 years completed measures of FTP and future-oriented coping. Moderation analyses were conducted to examine whether age played a role in the association between FTP and future-oriented coping (proactive and preventive). Results showed that proactive and preventive coping were negatively correlated with age, and age moderated the association between FTP and preventive coping but not proactive coping. Furthermore, the strength of the positive association between FTP and preventive coping was strongest among the older participants, moderate among the middle-aged participants, and weakest among the younger participants. These results suggest that the association between FTP and preventive coping varies across the lifespan.


age; future time perspective; moderation analysis; preventive coping

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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