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Radiology. 2017 Dec;285(3):830-838. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017161772. Epub 2017 Jul 13.

In Vivo Assessment of Ovarian Tumor Response to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Pazopanib by Using Hyperpolarized 13C-Pyruvate MR Spectroscopy and 18F-FDG PET/CT Imaging in a Mouse Model.

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From the Departments of Cancer Systems Imaging (M.K.R., S.P.S., V.K.), Imaging Physics (J.L., J.A.B.), and Diagnostic Radiology (V.K.), University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, TX 77030.


Purpose To assess in a mouse model whether early or late components of glucose metabolism, exemplified by fluorine 18 (18F) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and hyperpolarized carbon 13 (13C)-pyruvate magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy, can serve as indicators of response in ovarian cancer to multityrosine kinase inhibitor pazopanib. Materials and Methods In this Animal Care and Use Committee approved study, 17 days after the injection of 2 × 106 human ovarian SKOV3 tumors cells into 14 female nude mice, treatment with vehicle or pazopanib (2.5 mg per mouse peroral every other day) was initiated. Longitudinal T2-weighted MR imaging, dynamic MR spectroscopy of hyperpolarized pyruvate, and 18F-FDG PET/computed tomographic (CT) imaging were performed before treatment, 2 days after treatment, and 2 weeks after treatment. Results Pazopanib inhibited ovarian tumor growth compared with control (0.054 g ± 0.041 vs 0.223 g ± 0.112, respectively; six mice were treated with pazopanib and seven were control mice; P < .05). Significantly higher pyruvate-to-lactate conversion (lactate/pyruvate + lactate ratio) was found 2 days after treatment with pazopanib than before treatment (0.46 ± 0.07 vs 0.31 ± 0.14, respectively; P < .05; six tumors after treatment, seven tumors before treatment). This was not observed with the control group or with 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging. Conclusion The findings suggest that hyperpolarized 13C-pyruvate MR spectroscopy may serve as an early indicator of response to tyrosine kinase (angiogenesis) inhibitors such as pazopanib in ovarian cancer even when 18F-FDG PET/CT does not indicate a response. © RSNA, 2017 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

[Available on 2018-12-01]
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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