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Cureus. 2017 Jun 12;9(6):e1341. doi: 10.7759/cureus.1341.

Trauma and Hypothermia in Antarctica: An Emergency Medicine Marine Simulation Scenario.

Author information

Eastern Health, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
Biochemistry Nutrition, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
Offshore Safety and Survival Centre, Marine Institute, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
Emergency Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
Emergency Medicine, Pediatrics, Memorial University of Newfoundland.


Simulation has been shown to improve both learner knowledge and patient outcomes. Many emergency medicine training programs incorporate simulation into their curricula to provide learners with experiences that are rare to encounter in practice, yet performance with a high degree of competence is critical. One rare encounter, which is depicted in the report, is the management of a trauma patient who was hypothermic after falling from an expedition vessel into the cold Southern Ocean. The unique scenario presented in this technical report incorporates CanMEDS learning objectives including the communicator, health advocate, and collaborator roles. Using medical simulation facilities, marine performance simulation facilities, and a video, this scenario provides teaching that is uncommon in traditional emergency medicine training. As such, it is valuable for trainees who intend to practice rural, remote, or expedition medicine, or provide coverage for ships and marine installations.


communication skills; emergency medicine; hypothermia; postgraduate medical education; simulation scenario; trauma

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

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