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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2017;2017:3197320. doi: 10.1155/2017/3197320. Epub 2017 Jun 19.

Qiliqiangxin Enhances Cardiac Glucose Metabolism and Improves Diastolic Function in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
2
Department of Cardiology, People's Hospital of Nanbu County, Nanchong, Sichuan, China.
3
Department of Cardiology, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Abstract

Cardiac diastolic dysfunction has emerged as a growing type of heart failure. The present study aims to explore whether Qiliqiangxin (QL) can benefit cardiac diastolic function in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) through enhancement of cardiac glucose metabolism. Fifteen 12-month-old male SHRs were randomly divided into QL-treated, olmesartan-treated, and saline-treated groups. Age-matched WKY rats served as normal controls. Echocardiography and histological analysis were performed. Myocardial glucose uptake was determined by 18F-FDG using small-animal PET imaging. Expressions of several crucial proteins and key enzymes related to glucose metabolism were also evaluated. As a result, QL improved cardiac diastolic function in SHRs, as evidenced by increased E'/A'and decreased E/E' (P < 0.01). Meanwhile, QL alleviated myocardial hypertrophy, collagen deposits, and apoptosis (P < 0.01). An even higher myocardial glucose uptake was illustrated in QL-treated SHR group (P < 0.01). Moreover, an increased CS activity and ATP production was observed in QL-treated SHRs (P < 0.05). QL enhanced cardiac glucose utilization and oxidative phosphorylation in SHRs by upregulating AMPK/PGC-1α axis, promoting GLUT-4 expression, and regulating key enzymes related to glucose aerobic oxidation such as HK2, PDK4, and CS (P < 0.01). Our data suggests that QL improves cardiac diastolic function in SHRs, which may be associated with enhancement of myocardial glucose metabolism.

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