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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2017 Sep;37(9):1732-1735. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.117.309818. Epub 2017 Jul 13.

Dachsous1-Fat4 Signaling Controls Endothelial Cell Polarization During Lymphatic Valve Morphogenesis-Brief Report.

Author information

1
From the I2MC INSERM UMR 1048, Toulouse Cedex, France (F.P., A.-C.P., B.G.-S., F.T.); Department Craniofacial Development and Stem Cell Biology, King's College London, United Kingdom (T.H., P.F.-W.); Rudbeck Laboratory, Department Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Sweden (I.M.-C., T.M.); Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, NJ (D.D.); Laboratory for Cell Adhesion and Tissue Patterning, RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Kobe, Japan (M.T.); and INSERM, Université de Bordeaux, France (E.G.).
2
From the I2MC INSERM UMR 1048, Toulouse Cedex, France (F.P., A.-C.P., B.G.-S., F.T.); Department Craniofacial Development and Stem Cell Biology, King's College London, United Kingdom (T.H., P.F.-W.); Rudbeck Laboratory, Department Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Sweden (I.M.-C., T.M.); Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, NJ (D.D.); Laboratory for Cell Adhesion and Tissue Patterning, RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Kobe, Japan (M.T.); and INSERM, Université de Bordeaux, France (E.G.). florence.tatin@inserm.fr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Fat4 and Dachsous1 signaling in the lymphatic vasculature.

APPROACH AND RESULTS:

Phenotypic analysis of the lymphatic vasculature was performed in mice lacking functional Fat4 or Dachsous1. The overall architecture of lymphatic vasculature is unaltered, yet both genes are specifically required for lymphatic valve morphogenesis. Valve endothelial cells (Prox1high [prospero homeobox protein 1] cells) are disoriented and failed to form proper valve leaflets. Using Lifeact-GFP (green fluorescent protein) mice, we revealed that valve endothelial cells display prominent actin polymerization. Finally, we showed the polarized recruitment of Dachsous1 to membrane protrusions and cellular junctions of valve endothelial cells in vivo and in vitro.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data demonstrate that Fat4 and Dachsous1 are critical regulators of valve morphogenesis. This study highlights that valve defects may contribute to lymphedema in Hennekam syndrome caused by Fat4 mutations.

KEYWORDS:

cell polarity; endothelial cells; intercellular junctions; lymphangiogenesis; lymphedema

PMID:
28705793
DOI:
10.1161/ATVBAHA.117.309818
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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