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ACS Chem Biol. 2017 Aug 18;12(8):1999-2007. doi: 10.1021/acschembio.7b00242. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

A Novel Family of Small Molecules that Enhance the Intracellular Delivery and Pharmacological Effectiveness of Antisense and Splice Switching Oligonucleotides.

Author information

1
Initos Pharmaceuticals LLC, Eshelman Institute for Innovation MicroIncubator, CB# 7564, University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United States.
2
UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United States.
3
UNC Cystic Fibrosis Center and Marsico Lung Institute, University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United States.

Abstract

The pharmacological effectiveness of oligonucleotides has been hampered by their tendency to remain entrapped in endosomes, thus limiting their access to cytosolic or nuclear targets. We have previously reported a group of small molecules that enhance the effects of oligonucleotides by causing their release from endosomes. Here, we describe a second novel family of oligonucleotide enhancing compounds (OECs) that is chemically distinct from the compounds reported previously. We demonstrate that these molecules substantially augment the actions of splice switching oligonucleotides (SSOs) and antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) in cell culture. We also find enhancement of SSO effects in a murine model. These new compounds act by increasing endosome permeability and causing partial release of entrapped oligonucleotides. While they also affect the permeability of lysosomes, they are clearly different from typical lysosomotropic agents. Current members of this compound family display a relatively narrow window between effective dose and toxic dose. Thus, further improvements are necessary before these agents can become suitable for therapeutic use.

PMID:
28703575
PMCID:
PMC5662188
DOI:
10.1021/acschembio.7b00242
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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