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CJEM. 2018 Mar;20(2):191-199. doi: 10.1017/cem.2017.352. Epub 2017 Jul 13.

A traumatic tale of two cities: a comparison of outcomes for adults with major trauma who present to differing trauma centres in neighbouring Canadian provinces.

Author information

1
*Dalhousie Medicine New Brunswick,St. John,NB.
2
†Department of Emergency Medicine,Dalhousie University,Saint John Regional Hospital,St. John,NB.
3
‡New Brunswick Trauma Program,St. John,NB.
4
§Research Services,Horizon Health Network,Saint John,NB.
5
¶Trauma Nova Scotia,Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness,Halifax,NS.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

While the use of formal trauma teams is widely promoted, the literature is not clear that this structure provides improved outcomes over emergency physician delivered trauma care. The goal of this investigation was to examine if a trauma team model with a formalized, specialty-based trauma team, with specific activation criteria and staff composition, performs differently than an emergency physician delivered model. Our primary outcome was survival to discharge or 30 days.

METHODS:

An observational registry-based study using aggregate data from both the New Brunswick and Nova Scotia trauma registries was performed with data from April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2013. Inclusion criteria included patients 16 years-old and older who had an Injury Severity Score greater than 12, who suffered a kinetic injury and arrived with signs of life to a level-1 trauma centre.

RESULTS:

266 patients from the trauma team model and 111 from the emergency physician model were compared. No difference was found in the primary outcome of proportion of survival to discharge or 30 days between the two systems (0.88, n=266 vs. 0.89, n=111; p=0.8608).

CONCLUSIONS:

We were unable to detect any difference in survival between a trauma team and an emergency physician delivered model.

KEYWORDS:

outcomes; trauma systems; trauma teams

PMID:
28703089
DOI:
10.1017/cem.2017.352
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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