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Can J Psychiatry. 2017 Sep;62(9):617-623. doi: 10.1177/0706743717719894. Epub 2017 Jul 13.

Canadian Treatment Guidelines on Psychosocial Treatment of Schizophrenia in Adults.

Author information

1
1 Departments of Psychiatry and Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Western University, London, Ontario.
2
2 Prevention & Early Intervention Program for Psychoses (PEPP), London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario.
3
3 Department of Psychology, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec.
4
4 Centre de recherche de l'Institute universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal, Quebec.
5
5 Hotchkiss Brain Institute and Department of Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta.
6
6 Beingmentallyhealthy.com , Calgary, Alberta.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

It is generally recognised that psychosocial interventions are essential components of the effective treatment of schizophrenia in adults. A considerable body of research is being published regarding the effectiveness of such interventions. In the current article, we derive recommendations reflecting the current state of evidence for their effectiveness.

METHODS:

Recommendations were formulated on the basis of a review of relevant guidelines, particularly those formulated by the Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network (SIGN) and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).

RESULTS:

There is evidence strongly supporting the use of family interventions, supported employment programs, and cognitive-behavioural therapy. There are also reasons to recommend the use of cognitive remediation, social skills training, and life skills training under specified circumstances. It is important that all patients and families be provided with education about the nature of schizophrenia and its treatment. Several recent innovative psychosocial approaches to treatment are awaiting more thorough evaluation.

CONCLUSIONS:

There continues to be strong evidence for the effectiveness of several psychosocial interventions in improving outcomes for adults with schizophrenia. In the past decade, innovative interventions have been described, several of which are the subject of ongoing evaluative research.

KEYWORDS:

psychosocial intervention; schizophrenia

PMID:
28703017
PMCID:
PMC5593243
DOI:
10.1177/0706743717719894
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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