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J Neurophysiol. 2017 Oct 1;118(4):2103-2109. doi: 10.1152/jn.00395.2017. Epub 2017 Jul 12.

Group IV nociceptors develop axonal chemical sensitivity during neuritis and following treatment of the sciatic nerve with vinblastine.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine, Biddeford, Maine; and.
2
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
3
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine, Biddeford, Maine; and geoffreybove@gmail.com.

Abstract

We have previously shown that nerve inflammation (neuritis) and transient vinblastine application lead to axonal mechanical sensitivity in nociceptors innervating deep structures. We also have shown that these treatments reduce axonal transport and have proposed that this leads to functional accumulation of mechanically sensitive channels in the affected part of the axons. Though informing the etiology of mechanically induced pain, axonal mechanical sensitivity does not address the common report of ongoing radiating pain during neuritis, which could be secondary to the provocation of axonal chemical sensitivity. We proposed that neuritis and vinblastine application would induce sensitivities to noxious chemicals and that the number of chemo-sensitive channels would be increased at the affected site. In adult female rats, nerves were either untreated or treated with complete Freund's adjuvant (to induce neuritis) or vinblastine. After 3-7 days, dorsal root teased fiber recordings were taken from group IV neurons with axons within the sciatic nerve. Sciatic nerves were injected intraneurally with a combination of noxious inflammatory chemicals. Whereas no normal sciatic axons responded to this stimulus, 80% and 38% of axons responded in the neuritis and vinblastine groups, respectively. In separate experiments, sciatic nerves were partially ligated and treated with complete Freund's adjuvant or vinblastine (with controls), and after 3-5 days were immunolabeled for the histamine H3 receptor. The results support that both neuritis and vinblastine treatment reduce transport of the histamine H3 receptor. The finding that nociceptor axons can develop ectopic chemical sensitivity is consistent with ongoing radiating pain due to nerve inflammation.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Many patients suffer ongoing pain with no local pathology or apparent nerve injury. We show that nerve inflammation and transient application of vinblastine induce sensitivity of group IV nociceptor axons to a mixture of endogenous inflammatory chemicals. We also show that the same conditions reduce the axonal transport of the histamine H3 receptor. The results provide a mechanism for ongoing nociception from focal nerve inflammation or pressure without overt nerve damage.

KEYWORDS:

histamine H3 receptor; neuritis; neuropathic pain; radiating pain; radicular pain

PMID:
28701542
PMCID:
PMC5626885
DOI:
10.1152/jn.00395.2017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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