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Nutrients. 2017 Jul 8;9(7). pii: E724. doi: 10.3390/nu9070724.

Comparison of Dietary Intakes of 7-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Observational Birth Cohort Studies on the Isle of Man and in South-west England.

Author information

1
Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. et15141@bristol.ac.uk.
2
Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. p.m.emmett@bristol.ac.uk.
3
Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. jean.golding@bristol.ac.uk.
4
Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. stephgoodfellow@gmail.com.
5
Castletown, Isle of Man. stephgoodfellow@gmail.com.
6
Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. caroline.m.taylor@bristol.ac.uk.

Abstract

There is concern regarding the amount of fruit and vegetables consumed and high sugar intakes in children's diets. Regional dietary differences in the British Isles could underlie variations in health outcomes, but little is known about these differences. Our aim was to compare diets of children enrolled in observational birth cohort studies in the Isle of Man (IoM-ELSPAC) and in south-west England (ALSPAC). Dietary intakes were assessed by 3-day food records in IoM and ALSPAC at an age of 7 years. Comparisons of mean daily nutrient, and food and food group intakes were made between the studies and with UK national dietary guidelines. Diets in both regions were adequate for most nutrients except dietary fibre, but in both groups intake of free sugars was three times higher than the UK recommended maximum. There were differences between the two regions, particularly higher energy, protein, and carbohydrate intakes in IoM. IoM children consumed greater amounts of red meat, bread, full-fat milk, and sugar-sweetened drinks. IoM children had higher intakes of energy and some nutrients and food groups than ALSPAC children, and similar low intakes of fruits and vegetables. Children's diets in both regions could be improved, particularly considering the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity and the UK recommendation to lower the intake of free sugars.

KEYWORDS:

ALSPAC; ELSPAC; Isle of Man; children; diet; dietary food record; free sugars

Conflict of interest statement

This publication is the work of the authors and P.M.E. and C.M.T. will serve as guarantors for the contents of this paper. P.M.E. and C.M.T. have received research funding from Nestle Nutrition not related to this analysis. The remaining authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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