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J Arthroplasty. 2017 Nov;32(11):3292-3297. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2017.06.009. Epub 2017 Jun 13.

Quality Initiative Programs Can Decrease Total Joint Arthroplasty Transfusion Rates-A Multicenter Study Using the MARCQI Total Joint Registry Database.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, The CORE Institute, Novi, Michigan.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, The CORE Institute, Phoenix, Arizona.
3
Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
4
Orthopedic Surgery, American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, Science and Technology Policy Fellow, Energy Policy and Systems Analysis, United States Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
5
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, A. Alfred Taubman Health Care Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Michigan Arthroplasty Registry Collaborative Quality Initiative (MARCQI) noted wide variability between member hospitals in blood transfusion rates after primary total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA). Blood transfusion has substantial risks and accepted recommendations exist to guide transfusion practices. MARCQI began an initiative to decrease unnecessary transfusions by identifying/reporting outliers, discussing conservative transfusion practices, and recommending transfusion guidelines. There was a later recommendation to consider intraoperative use of tranexamic acid.

METHODS:

All MARCQI-registered unilateral TKA and THA cases from the 28 member hospitals (pre-November 2013) were included. For 3 time periods (before November 13, 2013; November 13, 2013, to November 12, 2014; and after November 12, 2014), we calculated average risk and range of transfusion, transfusion with nadir hemoglobin >8 g/dL, mean length of stay, and 90-day risk of discharge to nursing home, readmission, deep infection, and emergency department visits.

RESULTS:

For THA, risk and range of transfusion decreased over the 3 time periods: 12.6% (2.5%-36.2%), 7.6% (2.2%-23.8%), and 4.5% (0.7%-14.4%); for TKA, 6.3% (1.3%-15.6%), 3.1% (0%-12.5%), and 1.3% (0%-7.4%). Decreases were also noted for transfusion with a nadir hemoglobin >8 g/dL with a near elimination of "unnecessary" transfusions. There was no evidence of increase in length of stay, discharge to nursing home, readmission, deep infection, or emergency department visits.

CONCLUSION:

A simple intervention can decrease unnecessary blood transfusions during and after elective primary unilateral THA or TKA. A collaborative registry can be used effectively to improve the quality of patient care and set a new benchmark for transfusion.

KEYWORDS:

THA; TKA; arthroplasty registry; quality; transfusion

PMID:
28697866
DOI:
10.1016/j.arth.2017.06.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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